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Prostate Biopsy Postoperative Instructions

  • Diet: You may resume your normal diet. Be sure to drink plenty of water to flush the urinary tract. Be sure to eat plenty fiber (vegetables, fruit) to avoid constipation or straining for a bowel movement.

  • Activity: Avoid any strenuous activity for the next three to four days. This includes activities such as jogging, bicycle riding, cutting the grass and raking leaves. Avoid intercourse for the next week.

  • Blood in the urine/stool: You may see some blood in the urine or stool for one to two weeks following the procedure. You may see blood or brown in the semen over the next six weeks.

  • Medications: You may take over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol) as needed for pain. If you are taking an antibiotic that was started before your procedure, continue to take this antibiotic until it is complete.

  • Biopsy result:The samples of the prostate removed at biopsy are sent to the laboratory for the pathologist to review. It typically takes two to seven working days for the report to come back. You will have access to the results on the patient portal as soon as they are reported by the pathologist. Be sure to make an appointment with your surgeon to discuss the results.

  • If biopsy shows cancer: Please see our website for information on prostate cancer. Make sure you have an appointment to discuss biopsy result and options for management.

  • If biopsy shows no cancer: You will still need ongoing follow-up. You should plan to see our office six months for a PSA blood test and a digital rectal exam.

  • If you are unable to urinate: Come to the office if office hours for placement of a catheter. If outside office hours, please go to an urgent care or the emergency department. A catheter is a plastic tube that drains to a bag. It may take several days or a week for your bladder to function normally after anesthesia and biopsy.

  • If you develop shaking chill, fever or heavy bleeding in the urine or stool: Go the emergency department for evaluation, fluids and likely hospital admission.

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