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Fibroids

What are uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are benign, non-cancerous growths ino the walls of the uterus, or womb. They can range from less than an inch to more than six inches in diameter. Most fibroids don’t cause symptoms and are only discovered during a routine pelvic examination.

What symptoms can uterine fibroids cause?

  • Heavy, prolonged menstrual periods
  • Pain or pressure between the hip bones or in the back of the legs
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Constipation or bloating
  • An enlarged belly and/or protruding abdomen

What are the treatment options for uterine fibroids?

Medicine: NSAIDS, birth control, IUDs, hormone injections, iron supplements
High-intensity ultrasound: Ultrasound waves penetrate the abdominal wall and heat fibroid tissue, causing the fibroid to shrink
Endometrial ablation: Removal of the lining of the uterus to reduce bleeding
Radiofrequency ablation: Energy is delivered through a probe to damage the fibroid
Myomectomy: Surgical removal of fibroid tumors
Hysterectomy: Surgical removal of the uterus
Embolization: minimally invasive alternative to surgery that blocks blood flow to the fibroids, causing them to shrink

Uterine fibroid embolization

An Interventional Radiologist performs this minimally invasive procedure. The procedure takes place in an outpatient setting in our Interventional Radiology suite. This is in an office setting and does not require hospitalization. Embolization is performed with local anesthesia and sedation (“twilight sleep”).

The procedure is performed through a tiny cut in the groin or wrist. A thin tube called a catheter is inserted under x-ray. The Interventional Radiologist uses a moving x-ray called a fluoroscope to guide the procedure. The catheter is guided to the right and left uterine artery.

Once in the uterine artery, x-ray dye called “contrast” is injected to map out the blood vessels feeding the fibroid.

Tiny particles are then injected through the catheter into the uterine arteries that feed the fibroids. This blocks or “embolizes” the blood supply to the fibroid. With the blood supply blocked, the fibroids begin to shrink. The uterus and ovaries are spared.

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Recovery

Uterine fibroid embolization usually lasts about 30 to 45 minutes. Recovery is typically two hours. Patients can return home the same day. Patients can be moderately active immediately after the procedure and return to full activity after seven days.

Advantages of the uterine fibroid embolization

  • No incision or scar
  • Quicker recovery time (1 to 2 weeks compared to 6 weeks for surgery)
  • Treat multiple fibroids at once
  • Less risk than surgery
  • The uterus is spared
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